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Our Mission
SPEA is an Environmental not-for-profit organization whose mission is to support research and conservation of wild birds and their habitats, by promoting sustainable development for the benefit of future generations.

Interesting facts
- Cork: Portugal produces more cork than any other country – around 33%. One of the main uses of cork is to make stoppers for wine bottles, though more and more international companies are choosing stoppers made of plastic or imitation cork. Real cork is not only good for the environment, but also helps to conserve the wine. Choose natural cork and you will help an ecosystem that is of importance to us all. 

- Eucalyptus: this is an exotic species originating in Australia. In Portugal the plantations of Eucalyptus are extremely low in biodiversity, highly vulnerable to fires, and cause serious problems by reducing water resources. The value of Eucalyptus to the paper industry has resulted in an expansion of its cultivation across the country since the 1960’s. The area of Eucalyptus plantation has increased exponentially, and is now the third most abundant species, covering 20% of continental Portugal (more than 600000 ha).

Fire in  Madeira Island: In 2010 the island of Madeira has been plagued by a violent fire that destroyed a week throughout the mountainous central part laurel forest, affecting a total of 8000 hectares. The massif central classified as SPAs and SACs, was the places where it was better stored at high altitude vegetation of Madeira, with unique plants in the world as Sorbus maderensis, theViola paradoxa, Armeria maderensis. The areas most affected were the laurel of Faja da Nogueira and the Ribeiro Frio, pockets of centenary trees such as the Ocotea foetens and Persea and a bird endemic to Madeira, the Columba trocaz.

Photo: Montado de Sobro © SEO Birdlife






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