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February 2017
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SPEA is an Environmental not-for-profit organization whose mission is to support research and conservation of wild birds and their habitats, by promoting sustainable development for the benefit of future generations.
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The Airo magazine is SPEA's scientific publication, which gathers information about scientific research in the Iberian Peninsula and Macaronesia that have a direct relationship with our species and current issues in Portugal.

SPEA wants to gather as many seabird related papers as possible, on subjects such as off-shore study methodologies and conservation measures used in different countries to be able to apply them in our own bird studies.
This publication can be obtained directly at SPEA's headquarters or ordered online.

Guidelines for submitting articles

Note: the period for submission of articles to Airo 24 is open.

Airo publishes articles from all fields of ornithology, preferentially from studies performed in the Iberian Peninsula and Macaronesia archipelagos.

The articles can be written in either Portuguese or English but English is preferred. The title, abstract and figure/table captions should be written in both English and Portuguese. The editorial board reserves the right to request authors to translate the article into English.

The article submission should be sent by email to spea[at] with the reference “Airo submission” in the subject. The editorial board will return a submission receipt and will contact at least two experts for reviewing the article or short note. The article's acceptance will depend on these experts' reviews.

Authors will be contacted about the acceptance/rejection decision (with or without required changes) within three months. Articles with the required changes should be returned before the deadline set by editorial board. Before going to print, authors will receive a printed draft. At this stage, only typographic corrections will be accepted. The first author will get a copy of the article or short note, free of charge, in an Acrobat PDF file.
  • Preparing the manuscript: manuscripts should be sent in A4 format, double line spacing and ample side margins. Pages and lines should be numbered consecutively. The following sections should be included: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figure captions and Figures. Short notes should follow the same general structure but have a maximum of 3500 words including the abstract, acknowledgements, references and legends of figures and tables.

  • Nomenclature: Portuguese common names for species should conform to the publication Costa, H., A. Araújo, J.C. Farinha, M.C. Poças & A.M. Machado (2000) – Nomes Portugueses das Aves do Paleárctico Ocidental, Assírio & Alvim, Lisboa. English common names should conform to a well established reference. When a species is mentioned for the first time in the abstract and in the body of text, both the common and scientific names should be used. The same rule applies to other animal groups and plants whenever there are are well established common names; otherwise scientific names are enough. The first letter of Portuguese common names should be capitalized (e.g. Chapim-azul) while in English Common Names should capitalize the 1st letter in each word (e.g. Black-winged Stilt). All genus and species scientific names should be italicized.
  • Units of Measurement: In accordance with the International System of Units (SI).
  • Statistics: All statistical test symbols should be italicized (e.g. F, P, n, t, r for correlation coefficient and R2 for the coefficient of determination in multiple correlations or regressions). Degrees of freedom should be subscripted next to the test symbol (e.g. chi-square with two degrees of freedom - 22 , t-test with 39 degrees of freedom - t39).
  • Title: Short and concise, at the top of the first page, followed by the authors with their respective affiliations and e-mail of the corresponding author.
  • Abstract: Should inform the reader about the scope of the study, methodology, results and conclusions. Should be as precise as possible, avoiding vague sentences (e.g. "results are discussed"). Do not exceed 300 words.
  • Acknowledgements: Should be brief and polite.
  • References: only those cited in the text, sorted alphabetically and in accordance with the following examples: Journal names should be written in full (e.g. Journal of Animal Ecology and not J. Anim. Ecol.).
Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess & D.A. Hill 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, London.

Costa, H., B. Santos, D. Leitão & P. Catry 1993. Contribuição para o conhecimento das populações de Tartaranhão-ruivo-dos paúis Circus aeruginosus nos estuários do Tejo e do Sado. Airo 4: 1-6.

Finlayson, J.C. 1998. The role of Iberian Peninsula in the Paleartic-African migration system: ecological, evolutionary, geographical and historical considerations at varying spatial and temporal scales: pp 2-32 in L.T. Costa, H. Costa, M. Araújo & M. Silva (eds). Simpósio sobre aves migradoras na Península Ibérica. Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves and Universidade de Évora, Évora.

Moreira, F. 1995. A utilização das zonas entre marés do estuário do Tejo por aves aquáticas e suas implicações para os fluxos de energia na teia trófica estuarina. PhD thesis. Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon.

  • Citations: References should be cited in accordance to the following examples: Lopes (1995), Lopes & Araújo (2000), Lopes et al. (2002), (Lopes 1995, Lopes & Araújo 2000, Lopes et al. 2002).
  • Tables: Place one table per page with the caption above it (in English and Portuguese) and any comments below it. Make simple tables that can be interpreted on their own, without the main text. The tables' formatting can be copied from previous Airo issues. Use 0 for value zero and the symbol – for missing values. Captions should be written in Portuguese and English.
  • Figures: Place one figure per page. Make simple figures that can be interpreted on their own, without the main text. It is advisable to check Airo's previous issues to see which symbols and fills are more easily reproduced. Use common digital formats (e.g. tiff, jpg, eps). All figures should contain the name of the first author and figure number. Captions should be written in Portuguese and English.

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